So, I have been writing the manuscript to this new documentry, and this is a little sneak peak, to my dear followers.
Around A.D. 800 to the 11th century, a vast number of Scandinavians left their homelands to seek their fortunes elsewhere. These seafaring warriors–known collectively as Vikings or Norsemen (“Northmen”)–began by raiding coastal sites, especially undefended monasteries, in the British Isles. Over the next three centuries, they would leave their mark as pirates, raiders, traders and settlers on much of Britain and the European continent, as well as parts of modern-day Russia, Iceland, Greenland and Newfoundland.
The Vikings were, in fact, many things. They were brave adventurers, innovative boat builders, skilled traders and mean pirates. The Danish Vikings had great arm movements in the Europe of that time, and their way of life, culture and travels leave deep traces in today’s Denmark. The Danish Vikings are perhaps best known as the pagan Danes who were unscrupulous enough to plunder churches and monasteries, but Viking societies were in fact socially and culturally very advanced. The Viking Age covers the period from approx. 800-1050, and the Vikings lived mainly in Denmark, Sweden and Norway.
why did the Viking leave their country?
we don’t know exactly why the Vikings began raiding in A.D. 793. Scholars have many theories about the reasons why the Scandinavians began leaving home on extensive raids, trading missions, explorations and settlement, which include:
- population pressures and not enough good farmland
- too many landless younger sons. ( Vikings gave their first sons all land and property so younger siblings ventured off to find their own land.)
- easy targets of unprotected, wealthy church properties and towns
- trade imbalances between European Christians and the pagan Vikings
- competition among chieftains in their native lands
- the lure of adventure in foreign lands
Most scholars today agree that the population pressure theory doesn’t hold weight. As the Viking Age raids and trading brought more wealth into Scandinavian, the growing prosperity might have led to greater population growth. But a burgeoning population probably wasn’t a cause of the Viking Age.
Landless Younger Sons
The Vikings practised primogeniture, which means the eldest son inherits everything and any younger sons nothing. Without land to farm, younger sons would need to find a way to make a living. This theory seems likely at least as one of the factors leading to the Scandinavian expansion into Europe.